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|Climate change does not directly cause conflict. It creates instability which can lead to violence, especially in communities with poor resources.|
Drought, famine, crop failure and the spread of desert, due to climate change, have fanned conflict between herders and farmers. Migration across national boundaries produces unrest. The jihadist group Al-Shabaab has caused additional hardship by cutting water supplies to cities from which it has been expelled.
Lake Chad , close to the borders of Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad, shrank rapidly between 1960 and 2010, due to climate change. As a consequence of drought and desertification, desperate young men have been attracted to the jihadist Boko Haram, for food and the prospect of pillage.
The River Jordan
notably the Nile and the Euphrates, cross national boundaries. Global warming
will add to existing disputes between upstream and downstream nations.
rainfall in North Africa between 2007 and 2010 contributed to the emergence of
Arab Spring which by 2017 had overthrown
oppressive regimes in
Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Yemen, and later spread to Syria.
especially those close to the estuaries of large rivers, are liable to flooding as sea levels rise.
Sea water will threaten agriculture and the provision of fresh water.
Farming in Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan relies on melting glaciers for irrigation and for hydroelectricity.
The chief impact of climate change on prosperous nations has been an increase in
climate-driven immigration from North
Africa and the Middle East.
|Clearing of Amazon rainforests, for mining and livestock, threatens indigenous livelihoods and intensifies global warming.|
As Arctic sea-ice melts, it is feared that the US, Canada, Russia and China will come into conflict over the sea lanes that are opening up, and over underwater minerals.
Hastings against War welcomes and celebrates Extinction
Rebellion Hastings and St Leonards.|
We share their hopes and their concerns.