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Indigenous populations have been displaced from their homes by military bases and by military training needs. This especially impacts disadvantaged communities, e.g. Diego Garcia and the Marshall Islands.
Nuclear testing has damaged the health of indigenous families and of military participants
War has caused oil-fires and deforestation.
The US Department of Defense is said to be the
institutional user of fossil fuels in the world. See also the impact of UK armed forces.
Marine contamination may be caused by deliberate "scorched earth" policies or by the escape of oil from sunken vessels.
Depleted uranium in munitions can become dispersed on impact, contaminating water and soil, and making the environment carcinogenic.
Agent Orange defoliant and other herbicides, used by the British
in Malaya and by the US in Vietnam, caused leaves to fall off trees.
This was advantageous militarily but an ecological disaster in tropical
forests, decimating wildlife.
unexploded missiles, cluster bombs,
etc., can make access to open country hazardous. Neither farmers nor cattle dare enter. Children cannot wander in.
Radioactive discharges from nuclear submarines, including the hulks of disused vessels,
will inevitably increase.
It is feared that even a limited nuclear war, such as between India and Pakistan, might generate firestorm clouds of smoke, soot and dust in the upper atmosphere, reducing the solar radiation reaching the surface of the earth.
Water contamination around military bases can contain harmful chemicals.
Wild animals, farm animals and domestic pets have been among the victims of Agent Orange, napalm and land mines.
A report by the Oxford Research Group has established that even a 1% chance of a security risk materialising would be unacceptable to the defence establishment; so a tiny threat to our security would lead to more guns, more tanks more aircraft - "to make us safe"; and increased warnings of "threats" to justify more spending on arms.
Bath Iron Works (BIW) is part of General Dynamics, the arms manufacturer
with a factory in Hastings.|
Environmentalists in Bath, Maine, are calling for the conversion of their local plant, Bath Iron Works, to peaceful production.
Their initial proposal to build a massive off-shore wind farm was shelved for lack of state support, despite extensive backing from employees.
A fresh proposal has since been put forward, which does not involve the participation of Bath Iron Works.
Maine students lead a campaign for solar power in Maine schools.
The newly-elected State Government of Maine is taking steps to limit the effects of global warming and acidification on the Gulf of Maine.
Hastings against War salutes our friends in Maine.