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The United Nations

The principal organs of the UN are -

The General Assembly

Under the UN Charter, the General Assembly has a very limited role in peace-keeping. It cannot debate or decide on matters of international conflict or security which are at that time being considered by the Security Council.

Though it does not initiate UN peacekeeping operations, it does apportion among its Member States the costs of UN peacekeeping on the ground.

The Security Council

Under the UN Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security.

It determines when and where a UN peace operation should be deployed, and monitors its progress.

Under Article 25 of the Charter, all UN members have undertaken to accept and implement the decisions of the Security Council. While other organs of the UN make recommendations to Member States, only the Council has the power to take decisions which Member States are obliged to implement.

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The UN Economic and Social Council coordinates intergovernmental economic, social, environmental, deveopment and humanitarian programmes. Its agencies include

The International Court of Justice (ICJ)

The duty of International Court of Justice, also known as the World Court, is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.

Individuals and NGOs cannot appeal to the ICJ. Only states can bring cases or become defendants.

Do not confuse the ICJ with the International Criminal Court, with the Court of Justice of the European Union, with the European Court of Human Rights, or the European Court of Justice.

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