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The OuterSpace Treaty of 1967, initiated by the United States, the Soviet Union and the UK, has since been signed by most other nations. It proclaimed space as a "global commons" to be used only for peaceful purposes. It prohibited the siting of weapons of mass destruction in space.|
Russia, China and Canada have pressed the UN to adopt a Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) Treaty banning all weapons in space. The US has vetoed this proposal.
Despite the Outer Space Treaty, President Trump signed the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act creating a Space Force as the sixth branch of the US Armed services.
Russia and China will be reluctant to accept "American dominance". This would precipitate an arms race in space. War in space would shut down satellite communication, stopping cell phones, electronic navigation, ATM machines, weather forecasts and many other civilian facilities worldwide.